What you need to know about naloxone.

Naloxone facts from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control

Top 10 Facts on Fentanyl

Source: United States Center for Disease Control (CDC)

Following are some of the most important facts on fentanyl.

Part 1 of this page provides excerpts quoted verbatim from the U.S. CDC.

Part 2 of this page is the CDC's own website page titled “Fentanyl Facts,” which is updated in realtime.

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“Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is up to 50 times stronger than heroin and 100 times stronger than morphine. It is a major contributor to fatal and nonfatal overdoses in the U.S.” — U.S. CDC

There are two types of fentanyl: pharmaceutical fentanyl and illicitly manufactured fentanyl. Both are considered synthetic opioids. Pharmaceutical fentanyl is prescribed by doctors to treat severe pain, especially after surgery and for advanced-stage cancer.

It is often added to other drugs because of its extreme potency, which makes drugs cheaper, more powerful, more addictive, and more dangerous.

It is commonly mixed with drugs like heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine and made into pills that are made to resemble other prescription opioids. Fentanyl-laced drugs are extremely dangerous, and many people may be unaware that their drugs are laced with fentanyl.

“Illicit drugs do not come with an ingredient list. Many contain deadly doses of fentanyl.”

Drugs may contain deadly levels of fentanyl, and you wouldn’t be able to see it, taste it, or smell it.

It is nearly impossible to tell if drugs have been laced with fentanyl unless you test your drugs with fentanyl test strips. Test strips are inexpensive and typically give results within 5 minutes, which can be the difference between life or death. Even if the test is negative, take caution as test strips might not detect more potent fentanyl-like drugs, like carfentanil.

Here are some things to look for: Small, constricted “pinpoint pupils” Falling asleep or losing consciousness. Slow, weak, or no breathing. Choking or gurgling sounds. Limp body. Cold and/or clammy skin. Discolored skin (especially in lips and nails).

Recognizing the signs of opioid overdose can save a life. It may be hard to tell whether a person is high or experiencing an overdose. If you aren’t sure, treat it like an overdose—you could save a life.

1). Call 911 Immediately.*

2). Administer naloxone, if available.**

3). Try to keep the person awake and breathing.

4). Lay the person on their side to prevent choking.

5). Stay with the person until emergency assistance arrives.

*Most states have laws that may protect a person who is overdosing or the person who called for help from legal trouble.

** Naloxone is a life-saving medication that can reverse the effects of opioid overdose and save lives. It is available in all 50 states and can be purchased from a local pharmacy without a prescription in most states.

U.S. CDC Website

"Lifesaving Naloxone"

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